This is the front page of the El Independiente newspaper on July 21, 1894. The main article title is discussing a strike that has recently ended at Pullmans Car Company. This source teaches me that Hispanic Americans had a huge role in the workforce in America during this time. I learned that Hispanic Americans were involved in the Pullman Strike that we discussed a few weeks ago. In the Pullman Strike workers all across the country stopped working because because of large wage cuts until the President brought the army to force the workers to continue.
Reminiscences of a Ranger by Horace Bell contains anecdotes of his experiences as a Los Angeles Ranger meeting Joaquin Murietta in 1853, a soldier in Latin America, a Union officer in the Civil War, and newspaper editor in Los Angeles. He also discusses Los Angeles, what is was like to live under Mexican and American rule, cowboys,criminals , and native Americans. This is significant because Bell describes the Native American and the Hispanic Americans life under the United States government. This source discusses what every day life was like and how the things we learned about Native Americans coincide with Hispanic Americans. I learned that Hispanics that lived in California's life dramatically changed when California became apart of the United States.
This picture is showing a Hispanic American couple sitting at a table that is perhaps in their house. The man and women are both reading some sort of literature. Around them seems to be a piano and portraits of maybe American leaders. This is not a picture of course, it is a piece of art that was created in 1880. This picture teaches me that Hispanic Americans were very much emerged in the "American" way of life; they were not really foreigners culturally or socially.
This is a picture of Trinidad Romero who was an a member of the House of Representatives in New Mexico and a successful entrepreneur and merchant . He is sitting with other government officials posing for this photograph like most if not all politicians do. This picture was taken some time in between 1877 and 1879. This picture teaches me that as new territories were added to the United States such as the New Mexico territory enough Hispanic Americans lived there that voted in other Hispanic Americans into office.
This picture shows Jesus Olea, Francisco Macias, Juan Grijalva, Clemente Macias who are Hispanic vaqueros in Whitmack in downtown Wickenburg, Arizona in the 1890s. They are picture on top of their horses, posing for the photograph. This picture teaches us that Hispanic Americans help many roles in society including vaqueros, which are cowboys. Cowboys were responsible for moving cattle across the West.
The is a picture with Teddy Roosevelt and his rough riders who fought in the Spanish American war in 1898. In his group of rough riders there are a few Hispanic Americans such as Captain Maximiliano Luna and George Armijo. In this picture we see the rough riders surrounded by their Colonel Teddy Roosevelt resting in a field in 1898. This picture teaches me that Hispanic Americans were eager to fight alongside Americans of all different backgrounds. It shows how America was already becoming somewhat of a melting pot.
This is a map from 1884 and it is titled Map of the Telegraph Network and General itineraries of the Mexican Republic: formed according to official data. From this map I can learn what became of Mexico the place where some Hispanic Americans are from. From this map I can tell Mexico is quite a developed area, that is expanding just like the United States.